How to add Option Menu in Android Fragment

In this android programming source code example, we are going to add option menu in Android Fragment.

You can copy and adopt this source code example to your android project without reinventing the wheel.

Below is a step by step source code to add option menu in Android Fragment.

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#ededed">

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/frame"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"/>

</RelativeLayout>

MainActivity.java

import android.content.Intent;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class MenuActivity1 extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_menu1);
        FragmentManager mFragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
        FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
        fragmentTransaction.replace(R.id.frame,new Fragment1()).commit();
    }

}

Fragment1.java

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;


public class Fragment1 extends Fragment {

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_fragment21, container, false);
        setHasOptionsMenu(true);
        return view;
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
        super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu, inflater);
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.option_menu, menu);
    }
    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
        switch(item.getItemId()){
            //your intent code
            //case R.id.action_fragment:
            //  startActivity(new Intent(getActivity(), Activity.class));
            //   return true;
        }

        return true;
    }

}


fragment_fragment21.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#ededed">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:text="Fragment Option Menu"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:textSize="20sp"/>

</RelativeLayout>

menu\option_menu.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
      xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_home"
        android:title="@string/home"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        app:showAsAction="never" />

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_blog"
        android:title="@string/blog"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        app:showAsAction="never" />

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_App"
        android:title="@string/App"
        android:orderInCategory="100"
        app:showAsAction="never" />
</menu>

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