How to prevent toolbar from overlapping with status bar in android

In this android programming source code example, we are going to prevent toolbar from overlapping with status bar in android.

Below is a step by step source code to prevent toolbar from overlapping with status bar in android.

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true">

    <include
        android:id="@+id/toolbar"
        layout="@layout/toolbar" />

  
    <include
        layout="@layout/activity_layout8"/>
</LinearLayout>

toolbar.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/toolbar"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
    android:background="?attr/colorPrimary" />

activity_layout8.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ScrollView android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".layout.Layout8">

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@drawable/ext"/>

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="This is a scrollview,it will span across the whole screen"/>

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="320dp"
        android:src="@drawable/ext"/>

</LinearLayout>
</ScrollView>

MainActivity.java

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;

public class Toolbar6 extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_toolbar6);

        Toolbar toolbar = findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        toolbar.setTitle("Toolbar Overlapping");
        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
        getSupportActionBar();
    }
}

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