How to set RecyclerView app:layoutManager from XML in Android

In this android programming source code example, we are going to explore how to set RecyclerView app:layoutManager from XML in android.

It is also possible to call the RecyclerView setLayoutManager() method which takes a type of LayoutManager manger.

Below is a list of LayoutManagers supposed in android

  1. LinearLayoutManager
  2. GridLayoutManager
  3. StaggeredGridLayoutManager

Below is a step by step source code on how to set RecyclerView app:layoutManager from XML in android.

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/list"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:layoutManager="android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager"/>

</RelativeLayout>

MainActivity.java

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class RecyclerViewActivity13 extends AppCompatActivity {
    
    private RecyclerView list;
    
    private adapter recyclerAdapter;
    

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_recycler_view13);
        list = (RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.list);

        //Data
        ArrayList<String> country = new ArrayList<>();
        country.add("Nigeria");
        country.add("China");
        country.add("USA");
        country.add("Ghana");
        country.add("Canada");
        country.add("Finland");
        country.add("Denmark");
        country.add("Argentina");
        country.add("Andorra");
        country.add("Togo");

        recyclerAdapter = new adapter(RecyclerViewActivity13.this, country);
        list.setAdapter(recyclerAdapter);
    }

    private class adapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<adapter.myViewHolder> {
        Context context;
        List<String> mData;

        public adapter(Context context, List<String> data) {
            this.context = context;
            this.mData = data;
        }

        @Override
        public adapter.myViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
            View view = LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(R.layout.recyclerview_adapter1, parent, false);
            return new myViewHolder(view);
        }

        @Override
        public void onBindViewHolder(adapter.myViewHolder holder, int position) {
            holder.country.setText(mData.get(position));
        }

        @Override
        public int getItemCount() {
            return mData.size();
        }

        public class myViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
            TextView country;

            public myViewHolder(View itemView) {
                super(itemView);
                country = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.country);
            }
        }
    }
}

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